African Pied Hornbill
African Pied Hornbill

African Pied Hornbill

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The African pied hornbill (Lophoceros fasciatus) is a bird of the hornbill family, a family of tropical near-passerine birds found in the Old World. It is a common resident breeder in much of equatorial Africa, from The Gambia to western Uganda and northern Angola.

Description: The African Pied Hornbill is mainly black with a white belly and white on the top of the tail. The long, curved black and yellow bill has a medium-sized casque. The sexes are similar, but the female has a smaller casque. Immature birds are a bit duller, with a smaller bill, and no casque.

Breeding: The female lays up to four white eggs in a tree hole, which is blocked off during incubation with a cement made of mud, droppings and fruit pulp. There is a narrow opening, with only enough room for the male to transfer food to the mother and the chicks.

Interesting fact: When the chicks and the female are too big to fit in the nest, the mother breaks out and rebuilds the wall. Then both parents feed the chicks.

Diet: The African pied hornbill is omnivorous and eats fruit and insects. It feeds mainly in trees and is attracted to oil palms.

Diet in captivity: Paradise Earth Premium Softbill Diet, live insects&pinkies and fresh fruit.