The green-winged dove ,common emerald dove, Asian emerald dove, green-winged pigeon or grey-capped emerald dove(Chalcophaps indica) is a pigeon which is a widespread resident breeding bird in the tropical and sub-tropical parts of the Indian Subcontinent and east through Myanmar, Vietnam, Thailand, Malaysia, the Philippines, Taiwan, the Sakishima Islands of Japan and Indonesia.
The male has a white patch on the edge of the shoulders and a grey crown, which the female lacks. Females will tend to have a browner complexion with a grey mark on the shoulder. Immature birds resemble females but have brown scallops on their body and wing plumage. The back and wings are bright emerald green. The flight feathers and tail are blackish, and broad black and white bars show on the lower back in flight. The head and underparts are dark pink , fading to greyish on the lower belly.
Males perform a bobbing dance during courtship showing off his green plumage, while cooing loudly and bobbing. The nest is made of twigs. Two eggs are laid, but only one hatchling usually survives. Both parents incubate for two weeks. They fledge at 12 or 13 days.
The call is a low soft moaning cooing consisting of about six to seven coos starting quietly and rising. They also call a nasal “hoo-hoo-hoon”. Males perform a bobbing dance during courtship.
The green-winged doves eat a variety of seeds and fruits.