The Opal-rumped Tanager (Tangara velia)
The Opal-rumped Tanager is a South American species in the Thraupidae family. There are four subspecies. They are generally seen in pairs and small groups and will travel with mixed-species flocks. They will emit a high pitched twitter during flight.
The Opal-rumped Tanager has a length of 12 to 14 cm and weighs about 21 gm. The upperparts are mostly black and underparts are mostly a deep violet blue. The center of belly and undertail-coverts are chestnut. The rump is shining straw yellow tinged with green. Color variation occurs within regions. The beak, feet, and legs are black.
The female builds a usually well concealed cup nest and lays an average of 2 grayish white eggs dotted with dark gray. Incubation is 13-14 days and the chicks fledge after 15-16 days. The male and female feed the nestlings on insects and fruit, and may be assisted by helpers.
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